Several years ago, scientists found out the significant role of pigmentation to the survival of ancient mammals such as zebras and red foxes.
Scientists also discovered that these pigments have a direct relationship to the evolution trend of the ancient creatures.
Recently, researchers from Manchester University found out that even mouse species from back then have some red pigments present in their genetic makeup, which enabled them to survive amidst the hostile environment of the ancient time.
The publication ‘Pheomelanin pigment remnants mapped in fossils of an extinct mammal’ recorded all the details of the said study that used a 3-million years old fossilized mouse.
According to the researchers, they employed a piece of intense X-ray equipment to isolate the pigment from the fossilized mouse.
Professor Phil Manning, one of the members of the research team, said that aside from the red pigment that contributed to the survival of the ancient mouse, they also discovered other chemical reserves that can be used to reconstruct different vital facets of the lifecycle of ancient creatures, including death and after-burial events.
Meanwhile, geochemist Professor Roy Wogelius admitted that the latest scientific turnout would not be possible if there were no genuine commitments from scientists who selflessly accepted the challenge to figure out some mysteries of the past.
He also said that they (members of the research team) already had a prior notion regarding the presence of red pigment on a mouse. However, they did not immediately release their findings since they needed to confirm first the result with the tissue of a present-day mouse.
Professor Wogelius informed that aside from exposing the fossil to an intense X-ray wave, they also converted their findings into sound waves to clearly define the specific chemical that composed the pigment.
Researchers from Manchester University believe that their recent finding is just a springboard to more jaw-dropping discoveries in the near future.